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Home > Staff > Academic Staff > Assoc Prof Dick Ng'ambi
Academic Staff

Assoc Prof Dick Ng'ambi


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  Associate Professor

  Room 5.08.1
  E-mail: dick.ngambi@uct.ac.za
  Telephone: (021) 650 4760
  Fax: (021) 650 3489

  Skype ID: dngambi ; Twitter: @dickngambi

Convenor: PhD Programme

Stream Head: Educational Technology Programmes

Interests: Mobile learning, emerging technologies in education, emerging digital practices, ICT integration into practice, social learning, online learning, transformative pedagogies, knowledge production, Open Education Resources (OER) and Design Based Research (DBR).

Completed supervised PhD students

Completed supervised Honours & Master's students

External Examiner 

  • Robinson, G. C. 2018. An emancipatory approach for innovative access to education in farm schools of the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Masters of Commerce. Rhodes University. Supervisor: Prof C. Khene.
  • MSc Solomon Sunday Oyelere, 2018. Design and development of a Mobile Learning System for Computer Science Education in Nigeria Higher Education. PhD. School of Computing, University of Eastern Finland. Docent: Jarkko Suhonen.  Public Examination - Opponent.
  • Xakaza-Kumalo, S. 2017. Pedagogical considerations for integrating educational technology in two South African universities of technology: A comparative study. DTech Information Technology, Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT).  Supervisor: Prof Johannes Cronjé.
  • Broodryk, L. N. 2017. Being a student in the 21st century - an autoethnographic narrative. PhD. Department of Humanities Education, University of Pretoria. Supervisor: Prof. J. A. Slabbert.
  • Moongela, R. 2017. Students’ perceptions towards the influences of social media on students’ academic engagement at a tertiary institution: a case study of the use of Facebook and Twitter at Rhodes University. MCom. Rhodes University. Supervisor: McNeill, J.
  • Coetzee, E J S., 2014. Directives for the application of Social Media as Computer-Mediated Communication in South African Higher Education. PhD. University of Free State. Promotors: Prof A C. Wilkinson; Dr D. Krige.
  • Rabebe, F. M. 2014. Exploring the impact of a mobile phone-based student response system on student engagement in an undergraduate Computer Science course. MSc. University of Free State. Supervisor: Dr L. Nel.
  • Ntlabathi, S. 2013. Exploring lecturer experiences of blended learning: a case study of a South African University. MEd. Rhodes University.
  • De Gouveia, N G. 2013. Exploring adolescents’ perceptions of risky behaviour using the mobile phone. MPhil. North West University. Supervisor: Prof C. Bouwer.
  • Diaho, M. 2011. The use of mobile devices in University of Free State learning environment to enhance student engagement in undergraduate Computer Science classes. MSc. University of Free State. Supervisor: Dr L. Nel.
  • Khomokhoana, P.J., 2011. Using mobile learning applications to encourage active classroom participation: technical and pedagogical considerations. MSc. University of Free State. Supervisor: Dr L. Nel.
  • Varughese, J. 2011. The ICT pedagogical challenges and enablers of grade eight Natural Science and Mathematics teachers in South African classrooms. PhD. North-West University. Promoters: Prof Dr. A. Seugnet Blignaut; Mr C. J. Els.
  • Syfers, JB. 2010. The pedagogical use of ICT in Grade Eight Natural Science Classes in South African Schools. MEd. North-West University. Promoters: Dr I Kok; Prof A. S. Blignaut; Mr CJ Els.
  • Johannes, H. 2007. In Search of the latent structure of an e-learning practitioner construct. PhD. University of Pretoria. Supervisors: Prof J. G. Knetze; Dr L. Ebersohn.

Guest Editorship

Keynotes addresses

  • Cape Teachers and Leadership Institute's (CTLI) Certificate Ceremony for ICT Integration in Education Course, 24 March 2018. 
  • EDUWEEK Advancing Educational Knowledge in Africa, CTICC, Cape Town, 4 Oct, 2017
  • 'Towards a culture of innovative pedagogical practices - shaking off institutional lethargy', presented at the 3rd Flexible Futures Conference, 5-6 September, 2017, Pretoria
  • ‘Key features of successful m-learning design for learners from disadvantaged communities?’ - presented at the Department of Basic Education (DBE) - UNICEF expert panel workshop on Designing an effective large-scale mobile learning initiative for public schools in South Africa, Pretoria, 7-8 August, 2017.
  • 'Towards transforming teaching practices', presented at Western Cape Education Department's (WCED) E-learning initiative conference of directorates/district officials, Cape Town, 12 June, 2017.
  • 'Beyond Data Informed Decisions: action -> value', presented at the Data Informed Decisions in Education Conference, Cape Town, 27 May 2017. 
  • ‘Transforming your classroom through ICT innovation’, presented at the ICT Integration Conference, George, 17 September 2016.
  • 'If BYOD to school makes sense, why don’t schools support BYOD?’, presented at the ICT integration Conference for School leaders, Cape Town, 30 January 2016
  • Education Students Regional Research Conference (ESRRC), 'Research and Practice for Innovation and Transformation,' CPUT, Cape Town, 15 October 2015.
  • Transform 2015 Research Colloquium, ‘Why higher education in Africa produces square pegs for round holes: a call for innovative approaches’. University of Cape Town, South Africa
  • 2nd International Conference of the Africa Virtual University (AVU), Mobile learning and emerging practices in education in Africa, Nairobi, 2-3 July 2015.
  • Education Transformation, Metro Advance Forum, Normadic Nerve, Cape Town, 2015,
  • Library and Information Studies (LIS) Education and Research in a Dynamic Information Landscape Conference, University of Cape Town, 27-28 November, 2014
  • Role of emerging technologies in ECP - is it time for transformative approaches? A keynote presented at the Innovative Pedagogical Practices in Extended Curriculum Programme (ECP) Regional Conference, 29 August 2013.
  • 2nd Moodle Research Conference (MRC), 4-5 October, 2013, Sousse, Tunisia
  • Public lecture: Using emerging technologies to transform teaching and learning practices, Makerere University, 10 October 2012.
  • Public lecture: Use of mobile learning in resource constrained environments, University of Leicester, Institute of Learning Innovations.
  • ISASA School Librarians Conference, 5-8 July 2011, Grahamstown, South Africa.
  • Mobilefest  Conference, 24-28 May 2010, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Invited workshops

  • Education Technology BootCamp to help Schools to define & align eLearning visions with appropriate actions to achieve it. Franschhoek, 14 April 2018.
  • 'Blended Learning Design Using Moodle', presented at the Uganda Management Institute (UMI), Kampala,  5-7 March 2018 [Commonwealth of Learning invited workshop].
  • Hands-on sandpit sessions on e-teaching and e-learning tools, presented at the Academic of 2017: Future Realities Conference, Vaal University of Technology (VUT), Vanderbijlpark, 14-16 Nov, 2017.
  • Mobile Learning: Why educators cannot afford to ignore small and abundant technologies. Teaching & Learning Festival, UNISA, 1-9 September, 2011.
  • Mobile Learning: Pedagogy of mobile learning. Teaching & Learning Festival, UNISA, 1-9 September, 2011.
  • Mobile Learning: Enhancing student interaction in 'outdated' teacher-centered approaches. Teaching & Learning Festival, UNISA, 1-9 September, 2011.
  • Mobile Learning: The DIY (do-it-yourself) of designing and developing mobile learning applications. Teaching & Learning Festival, UNISA, 1-9 September, 2011.
  • Open lectures:  Leicester University, UK; University of Michigan, USA; University of Botswana, Makerere University; Africa University, Zimbabwe).

Books and chapters in books

  • Ng'ambi, D. and Bozalek, V. 2016. Chapter 12: Learning with Technologies in resource-constrained environments. In the Wiley Handbook of Learning Technology. N. Rushby and D. W. Surry (Eds.) Wiley Blackwell.
  • Bozalek,V., Ng’ambi, D., Wood, D., Herrington, J., Hardman, J., and Amory, A. (Eds.) 2015. Activity Theory, Authentic Learning and Emerging Technologies - Towards a transformative higher education pedagogy. Routledge.
  • Ng’ambi, D. and Brown, C. 2014. Mediating learning in a blended postgraduate course. Activity Theory, Authentic Learning and Emerging Technologies - Towards a transformative higher education pedagogy. V. Bozalek, D. Ng’ambi, D. Wood, J. Herrington, J. Hardman, A. Amory. (Eds.)  Routledge. pp. 46-58.
  • Ng’ambi, D., Bozalek, V., Gachago, D., Morkel, J., Ivala, E., Campbell, A., Simelane, S., Dimpe, D., Rambe, P. & Bere, A. 2014. Chapter 15 The case studies: Emerging Technologies. Activity Theory, Authentic Learning and Emerging Technologies: Towards a Transformative Higher Education Pedagogy. Activity Theory, Authentic Learning and Emerging Technologies - Towards a transformative higher education pedagogy. V. Bozalek, D. Ng’ambi, D. Wood, J. Herrington, J. Hardman, A. Amory. (Eds.)  Routledge. pp.211-233.
  • Ng’ambi, D. & Luo, A. 2013. Towards a sustainable inter-institutional collaborative framework for Open Educational Resources (OER). Open Educational Resources: Innovation, Research and Practice. (Eds.) R. McGreal, W. Kinuthia & S. Marshall. Commonwealth of Learning: Vancouver. 223-239.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2011. Short Message Services for supporting student learning: a blended approach. In Blended Learning across Disciplines: Models for Implementation. IGI Global publisher, 228-244.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2008. Mobile Learning Activities: A case of the University of Cape Town. In eBook: Achievements of Mobile Learning Today. A. Dias., D. Keegan., A. Kismihok., N. Mileva., and T. Rekkedah. (Eds). 129-130. Available at: http://www.exact.ie/ebook/achievements/
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2008. Podcasting for Reflective Learning. In Podcasting for learning in universities. G. Salmon, P Edirisingha (Eds). Open University Press. 132-145.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2006. Influence of Individual Learning Styles in Online Interaction: a Case for Dynamic Frequently Asked Questions (DFAQ). In International Federation for Information Processing, Vol. 210, Education for the 21st Century ? Impact of ICT and Digital Resources, (eds.) D. Kumar, and Turner, J., (Boston: Springer), pp. 125-134.
  • Ng’ambi D. 2000. Reducing context shock in software engineering training IN Software Development Theory, Practice and Experience, Onibere E A, Ojo S O, Ivanov T F and Awuah E B (eds), Gaborone: Research and Development Unit, ISBN: 99912-2-153-0, pp. 72-81.

Student & Supervisor Guides

Reports

Journal articles

Peer-Reviewed Conference Proceedings

  • Tarling, I. and Ng'ambi, D. 2018. Designing pedagogically integrated environments: changing classroom practice using a Teaching Change Frame. In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on e-Learning, the Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town, South Africa.5-6 July. pp.439-447.
  • Titus, S. & Ng’ambi, D. 2018. Using a game based learning approach to facilitate cross-cultural learning in sport studies: emerging technologies within health science education. South African Association for Health Educationist Conference. Durban, South Africa. 26-30 June 2018.
  • Bagarukayo, E., Ng'ambi, D., Baguma, R. & Ssentamu, N. P. 2017. Using Facebook to Transfer Knowledge into Practice and Aid Student, Lecturer and Content Interaction - A Case of Bachelor of Information Technology Undergraduate Students at Makerere UniversityCSEDU (1) 2017: 402-410
  • Titus, S., & Ng'ambi, D. 2014. Exploring the use of digital gaming to improve student engagement at a resource poor institution in south africa. In Proceedings of the ACPI 8th European Conference on game based learning. Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited, (Ed.) Burch, C, Berlin, Germany, ISBN: E‐Book ISBN: 978‐1‐910309‐57‐5  pp. 742-748. 
  • Ng’ambi, D., Bozalek, V. and Gachago, D. 2013. Empowering Educators to Teach using Emerging Technologies in Higher Education: A Case of Facilitating a Course across Institutional Boundaries. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on e-Learning, Cape Town South Africa. Ivala, E. (Ed.) (pp.292-300). Reading: ACPI.
  • Bozalek, V., Gachago, D., Watters, K., Alexanber, L., Ng’ambi, D., and Ivala, E. 2012. Preparing to confront reality: Intersections of emerging technologies, authentic learning and practice in the South African Higher Education context. Presentation at ALT-C, 11-13 September 2012, University of Manchester.
  • Gachago, D., Ivala, E., Backhouse, J., Bosman, J.P., Bozalek, V., Ng’ambi, D and Watters, K. (2012). Towards a shared understanding of emerging technologies: experiences in a collaborative research project in South Africa. Presentation at emerge2012: 9 - 11 July 2012.
  • Ng’ambi, D., Gachago, D., Ivala, E., Bozalek, V., and Watters, K. 2012. Emerging Technologies in South African Higher Education Institutions: Towards a Teaching and Learning Framework. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on e-Learning. Pam, P. (Ed.). The Chinese University of Hong Kong: 21-22 June. pp. 354-362. ISBN: 978-1-908272-43-0.
  • Rhodes, J & Ng'ambi, D. 2012, Migrating a face-to-face MBA course to a blended pedagogy approach. in P Lam (ed.), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on e-Learning. Academic Publishing International, Reading, UK, pp. 1-1, International Conference on e-Learning (7th : 2012), Hong Kong, 21/06/12.
  • Boyinbode, O., Bagula, A., and Ng’ambi, D. 2012. A Mobile Learning Application for Delivering Educational Resources to Mobile Devices. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Society (i-Society 2012). London 25-28 June.
  • Ng’ambi, D. and Campbell, A. 2012. Influence of Mobile Learning on Human Agency: A Critical Discourse Analysis. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on e-Learning, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. P. Lam (Ed.). 12-22 June. pp. 346-353. ISBN: 978-1-908272-43-0.
  • Ng’ambi, D., Gachago, D., Ivala, E., Bozalek, V., and Watters, K. 2012. Emerging Technologies in South African Higher Education Institutions: Towards a Teaching and Learning Framework. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on e-Learning. Pam, P. (Ed.). The Chinese University of Hong Kong: 21-22 June. pp. 354-362. ISBN: 978-1-908272-43-0.
  • Bozalek, V., Ng’ambi, D., Gachaho, D., Ivala, E., and Watters, K. 2011. Emerging technologies in South African HEIs: towards transformative teaching and learning practices. Presentation at HELTASA, 30 Nov - 2 December 2011, Port Elizabeth.
  • Bozalek, V., Ng’ambi, D., and Gachago, D. 2011. Emerging Technologies in South African Higher Education Institutions. Institutional enables and challenges. Presentation at the 2011 SAAIR forum, Cape Town, 11-13 October 2011.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2011. Enhancing Student Interaction in Didactics Teaching Approaches – the Right to Text During Class. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on e-Learning, Kelowna, Canada. 27-28 June.
  • Bozalek, V., Ng’ambi, D. and Gachago, D., Ivala, E., and Watters, K. 2011. Emerging technologies in South African HEIs: towards transformative teaching and learning practices. Presentation at HELTASA, 30 Nov - 2 December 2011, Port Elizabeth.
  • Luo, A., Ng’ambi, D. and Hanss, T. 2010. Fostering Cross-Institutional Collaboration for Open Educational Resources Production. Available at: https://open.umich.edu/education/med/oernetwork/reports/oer-collab-report/2010
  • Luo, A., Ng’ambi, D., and Hanss, T. 2010. Towards building a productive, scalable and sustainable collaboration model for open educational resources.  In Proceedings of the GROUP '10 ACM 2010 International Conference on Supporting Group Work Sanibel, FL, USA. 7-10 November. pp. 273-282.
  • Luo, A., Ng’ambi, D., and Hanss, T. 2010. Towards Building a Productive, Scalable and Sustainable Collaboration Model for Open Educational Resources. In Proceedings of the ACM 2010 International Conference on Supporting Group Work, © 2010 by the Association for Computing Machinery, Inc, available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1880071.1880117.
  • Ng’ambi, D., Lombe, A., Johnston, K., and Kabanda, S. 2010. Podcasting for mobile learners: using ubiquitous technologies to enhance learning in large classes. In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Mobile Learning. M. Montebello., V. Camilleri., & Dingi, A. (Eds). Valletta, Malta. 19-22 October. 256-262.
  • Luo, A., Fons, G., Ng’ambi, D. and Doyle, G. 2010. International partnerships in developing and deploying health open educational resources. In Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 1-5.
  • Ng’ambi, D. and Knaggs, A. 2008. Using Mobile Phones for Exam preparation. In Proceedings of the IADIS Mobile Learning Conference 2008, Algarve, Portugal. 11-13 April. 35-42.
  • Ng’ambi, D. and Brown, I. 2008. Investigating Student Use of an Anonymous Online Questioning Environment in a Large Class. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on e-Learning. University of Cape Town. 26-27 June. 331-336.
  • Masters, K., and Ng’ambi, D. 2007. After the Broadcast: Disrupting Health Sciences? Students? Lives with SMS. In Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference on Mobile Learning. 5-7 July. Lisbon, Portugal. Pp. 171-175. ISBN: 978-972-8924-36-2.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2007. A Discourse Analysis of Students? Anonymous Online Postings. In Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference on e-Learning. 5-7 July. Lisbon, Portugal. Pp. 252-259. ISBN: 978-972-8924-42-3.
  • Kekwaletswe, R. and Ng’ambi, D. 2006. Ubiquitous social presence and context awareness for mentorship (social support). Proceedings of the International Association for Development of the Information Society (IADIS) Conference on Mobile Learning, 14-16 July 2006, Dublin, Ireland, 283-287. ISBN 972-8924-15-1.
  • Kekwaletswe, R. and Ng’ambi, D. 2006. Ubiquitous Social Presence: Context-Awareness in a Mobile Learning Environment. In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Sensor Networks, Ubiquitous, and Trustworthy Computing. Taichung, Taiwan (5-7 June). Pp. 90-95. ISBN 0-7695-2553-9. DOI= http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/SUTC.2006.142.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2006. Collaborative Questioning: A Case of Short Message Services (SMS) for Knowledge Sharing. In Proceedings of the Sixth IEEE international Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (July 05 - 07, 2006). ICALT. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, 350-351.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2006. SMS Collaborative Questioning: Convergence of Task, Interactivity and Outcomes. In Proceedings of the International Association for Development of the Information Society (IADIS) Mobile Learning Conference, Dublin, Ireland. 14-16 July. Pp. 26-33.
  • Ng’ambi, D. and Njenga, K. 2006. Use of personal digital assistants (PDAs) in clinical education / practice: literature review. A joint project between the Education Development Unit ( EDU ) and the Centre for Educational Technology , University of Cape Town.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2006. ICT and Economic Development in Africa: the role of higher education institutions. Commissioned paper. In Proceedings of the Frontiers of Knowledge in Science and Technology University Leaders Forum, November 19-21, 2006, Cape Town.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2005. Mobile Dynamic Frequently Asked Questions (m-DFAQ) for Student and Learning Support. Mobile Technology: The future of learning in your hands, Cape Town, 116-119.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2005. Mobile-mediated Critical Questioning Tool based on Communicative Action Theory. Proceedings of the 8th IFIP World Conference on Computers in Education (WCCE), Stellenbosch, South Africa, 4-7 July 2005, ISBN 1-920-01711-9. [CD-ROM].
  • Johnston, K. AND Ng’ambi, D. 2004. Every question deserves an answer. Proceedings of the International Conference on Computers in Education 2004, Melbourne, Australia, 1007-1015.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2004. Do students learn in Collaborative Consultation? A Speech Act Theory Perspective of the DFAQ. In Proceedings of the e/merge 2004: Blended Collaborative Learning in Southern Africa Online Conference, 28-30 June.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2004. Towards an organizational intelligent framework based on Giddens' Structuration Theory: A case of using an Organizational Memory System - DFAQ. Proceedings of the International Federation of Information Processing (IFIP) World Congress, Toulouse, France. 22-27 August. 273-282.
  • Ng’ambi, D. and Seymour, l. 2004. Managing tutorials in large classes: a case of using a tutorial system developed from commercial products. In Proceedings of the 2004 Annual Research Conference of the South African institute of Computer Scientists and information Technologists on IT Research in Developing Countries (Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa, October 04 - 06, 2004). G. Marsden, P. Kotze, and A. Adesina-Ojo, Eds. ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, vol. 75. South African Institute for Computer Scientists and Information Technologists, 254-259.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2003. Students helping students learn: The case for a web-based dynamic FAQ environment. Proceedings of the International Association of Science and Technology for Development (IASTED) Conference on Information and Knowledge Sharing, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2003. Using Question-Based Chat Rooms to Negotiate Varying Meanings In Non-Static Knowledge Environments. In Proceedings of the international Conference on Computers in Education (December 03 - 06, 2002). ICCE. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, 278-282.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2002. Dynamic "intelligent handler" of frequently asked questions. In Proceedings of the 7th international Conference on intelligent User interfaces (San Francisco, California, USA, January 13 - 16, 2002). IUI '02. ACM, New York, NY, 210-211. DOI= http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/502716.502761.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2002. Pre-empting user questions through anticipation: data mining FAQ lists. In Proceedings of the 2002 Annual Research Conference of the South African institute of Computer Scientists and information Technologists on Enablement Through Technology (Port Elizabeth, South Africa, September 16 - 18, 2002). ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, vol. 30. South African Institute for Computer Scientists and Information Technologists, 101-109.
  • Ng’ambi D, 2002, Social Challenges of using Computers to teach Socially, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Computers in education, Kinshuk, Lewis R, Akahori K, Kemp R, Okamoto T, Henderson L and Lee H C (eds), Auckland: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Computer Society Press. pp 483-484.
  • Ng’ambi, D. and Hardman, J. 2002. A Questioning Environment for Scaffolding Learners? Questioning Engagement with Academic Text, IN Proceedings of the SAARDHE/SAAIR Conference, Cape Town, July 8-10, 2000.
  • Ng’ambi D, 2002 A Frequency-based Approach To Teaching and Learning: A Case for Frequently Asked Questions, Presented at the Multimedia Education Group Colloquium, 21-23 October 2002.
  • Czerniewicz L, Ng’ambi D, Booley R, Vukovic V, 2002, What staff and students actually do with ICTs at UCT, Presented at the Multimedia Education Group Colloquium, 21-23 October 2002.
  • Ng’ambi D, 2001. Dynamic Handling of Frequently Asked Questions IN Proceedings of the Education Students’ Regional Research Conference, Cape Town, 28-29 September 2001, pp 43.
  • Ng’ambi, D. 2000. Creating an Authentic Context for Computer Science Projects IN Proceedings of the 30th Conference of the Southern African Computer Lecturers Association Conference, Cape Town, 29-30 June 2000.
  • Ng’ambi D. 1999. Creating a Software Maintenance Culture through Project Re-cycling: A Vista University Case Study IN Proceedings of the South African Institute of computer scientists and Information Technologists, SAICSIT, Conference November 17–19, 1999.
  • Ng’ambi D. 1999. Building ISO 9000 Quality Assurance in Computer Science Projects: A Vista University Case Study IN Proceedings of the 29th Conference of the Southern African Computer Lecturers Association Conference, Golden Gate, pp84 – 90, 27-29 June 1999.
  • Ng’ambi D. 1997. DN4T: A faults Management System designed for Maintenance Engineers in developing countries IN Proceedings of the 27th Southern African Computer Lecturers Association, SACLA’97 (Wilderness June – 1997).
  • Ng’ambi D. 1997. Technology Based Solutions for Distance Learning – A case study IN Proceedings of the Future World– Educating for the 21st Century International Conference, Cape Town - Dec 1997.